High risk pregnancy – Pregnancy is one of the most exciting and happy phase of women’s life. But for some, especially those with chronic medical conditions or who are expecting multiples, pregnancy management can be a time of intense fear and uncertainty. It is in those circumstances that we need to provide specialized care for both mother and child to ensure good health for both of them.
It is only in less than ten percent of pregnancies, which will have some kind of complication that can affect the health of the mother or the child. These are called as high risk pregnancy. When babies are born preterm, they have a higher risk of having serious health problems.
If these high risk pregnancy can be identified and the pregnancy managed accordingly, they will be able to achieve a favorable outcome and they can have a comfortable pregnancy. In fact, many risk factors can be identified even before conception occurs. For all this they will require a comprehensive approach to their medical condition and pregnancy care along with a strong support system.
Common Risk Factors – High Risk Pregnancy
· Advanced Maternal Age
· Chronic medical conditions, such as lupus, cancer, diabetes , high blood pressure or arthritis
· Systemic complications in pregnancy
· Heart disease
· Renal disease
· Respiratory disorders
· Hepatobiliary dysfunction
· Haematological problems
· Family history of mental retardation or birth defects
· Women who have experienced miscarriages, pre-term deliveries, stillbirths, or neonatal deaths