Donor Options


Sperm / Egg Donation

Gamete donation raises many complex issues and couples contemplating such treatments psychological implications will be explored fully. Sperm donors are matched as closely as possible for physical characteristics and blood group to the male partner of women receiving the donor sperm. Donor sperm can be used for donor insemination and for IVF.
Eggs are recovered from the donor and the sperm from the recipient’s partner is used to inseminate the eggs in the laboratory either by IVF or ICSI. The resulting embryos are transferred two or three days later to the recipient’s uterus.

Egg donation is indicated for the following reasons:

  • Premature menopause.
  • Genetic abnormality.
  • Poor ovarian response to hormonal stimulation.
  • Absence of ovaries.
  • Ovarian failure due to chemotherapy/radiotherapy.


Surrogacy is an arrangement in which a woman carries and delivers a child for another couple or person. The surrogate mother is also known as a gestational carrier. In many cases, the process is an expensive, time consuming, and emotional one. Women or couples who choose surrogacy often do so because they are unable to conceive due to a missing or abnormal uterus, have experienced multiple pregnancy losses, or have had multiple in vitro fertilization attempts that have failed. The advantage of gestational surrogacy to the parents is that the embryo is created from the woman’s egg and the man’s sperm, so it is biologically theirs.

A gestational surrogacy requires the transfer of a previously created embryo, and for this reason the process always takes place in a clinical setting. In gestational surrogacy, the embryo is implanted in the surrogate through in vitro fertilization. The surrogate carries the baby to term, then gives up the child and signs over parental rights at birth. Usually, the couple pays legal fees, agency fees if applicable, and a fee to the carrier. If the carrier does not have health insurance that covers prenatal care and delivery, the couple would most likely pay those costs also.

The intended parent or parents, sometimes called the social parents, may arrange a surrogate pregnancy because of female infertility, other medical issues which make pregnancy or delivery impossible, risky or otherwise undesirable, or because the intended parent or parents are male. The sperm or eggs may be provided by the ‘commissioning’ parents, but donor sperm, eggs and embryos may also be used.