Laparoscopic surgery also called as minimally invasive surgery (MIS) or keyhole surgery is a modern surgical technique in which operations with the assistance of a video camera and several thin instruments. During the surgical procedure, small incisions of up to half an inch are made and plastic tubes called ports are placed through these incisions. The camera and the instruments are then introduced through the ports which allow access to the inside of the patient. The keyhole surgery makes use of images displayed on TV screen to magnify the surgical elements.
The camera transmits an image of the organs inside the abdomen on a television. The surgeon is not able to see directly into the patient without the traditional large incision. The video camera becomes a surgeon’s eyes in laparoscopy surgery, since the surgeon uses the image from the video camera positioned inside the patient’s body to perform the procedure.
Benefits of laparoscopic surgury are
- less post operative discomfort since the incisions are much smaller
- quicker recovery times
- shorter hospital stays
- earlier return to full activities
- much smaller scars
- there may be less internal scarring when the procedures are performed in a minimally invasive fashion compared to standard open surgery.